30 Times Science Fiction Predicted the Future

Science fiction has long been a source of inspiration and imagination, and it has also been surprisingly accurate in predicting the technologies and social issues of the future. From artificial intelligence to virtual reality, science fiction has provided glimpses into what the future might hold. Here are 30 examples of how science fiction predicted the future.

Minority Report

"Minority Report," a 2002 film, showcased personalized advertising and gesture-based computing, both of which have become a reality through targeted ads and devices like the Microsoft Kinect.

The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress

The 1966 novel "The Moon Is a Harsh Mistress" by Robert A. Heinlein introduced the idea of self-aware artificial intelligence, which is now a growing area of research in computer science.


The 1987 film "RoboCop" predicted the use of drones for surveillance and law enforcement, which is now a reality in various countries around the world.

Back to the Future Part II

The 1989 film "Back to the Future Part II" predicted the widespread use of biometric identification, such as fingerprint and facial recognition, which we now see in smartphones and other devices.

Make Room! Make Room!

The 1966 novel "Make Room! Make Room!" by Harry Harrison predicted overpopulation and its effects on society, which is becoming an increasingly pressing issue in modern times.

2001: A Space Odyssey

The 1968 film "2001: A Space Odyssey" predicted the use of tablet computers, similar to today's iPads, as a means of reading news and consuming media.


The novel "Neuromancer" by William Gibson, published in 1984, introduced the concept of cyberspace and virtual reality, foreshadowing the development of the internet and VR technology.

Demolition Man

The 1993 film "Demolition Man" predicted the widespread use of video calls, now an integral part of our daily lives through platforms like Zoom and FaceTime.

Star Trek

In the 1960s, "Star Trek" showcased communicators that closely resemble modern flip phones and the Bluetooth earpieces that became popular in the 2000s.

The Waveries

The 1945 short story "The Waveries" by Fredric Brown predicted solar energy harvesting through the use of solar panels, which are now a common renewable energy source.

From the Earth to the Moon

Jules Verne's "From the Earth to the Moon" (1865): In this novel, Verne envisioned a manned voyage to the Moon, achieved using a massive cannon to launch a projectile containing the astronauts. While the method of space travel is different, the concept of humans traveling to the Moon became a reality in 1969 with the Apollo 11 mission.

The War of the Worlds

H.G. Wells' "The War of the Worlds" (1898): Wells' classic novel features Martian invaders using advanced weapons, including heat-rays and chemical weapons. These concepts predated the invention of lasers and the use of chemical warfare in the 20th century.

Brave New World

Aldous Huxley's "Brave New World" (1932): Huxley's dystopian novel presents a society where people are genetically engineered, divided into castes, and kept content through the use of drugs and other forms of control. Today, advances in genetic engineering, such as CRISPR technology, have brought us closer to the possibility of manipulating human genes for various purposes.


George Orwell's "1984" (1949): Orwell's novel explores a world under constant surveillance, where the government uses technology and propaganda to manipulate and control the population. The rise of surveillance technology, data mining, and concerns about privacy in the digital age have drawn parallels to the world Orwell imagined.

2001: A Space Odyssey

Arthur C. Clarke's "2001: A Space Odyssey" (1968): Co-written with Stanley Kubrick as a novel and a film, this science fiction classic features an advanced AI, HAL 9000, which controls a spacecraft and eventually turns against its human crew. The development of artificial intelligence and its potential risks have become central topics in modern society, reflecting the concerns raised in Clarke's work.


William Gibson's "Neuromancer" (1984): This cyberpunk novel introduced the concept of "cyberspace" and described a virtual reality world where people could interact with digital environments. Gibson's vision predated the Internet as we know it today and foreshadowed the rise of virtual reality technology.

Fahrenheit 451

Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451" (1953): Bradbury's novel is set in a world where books are burned to suppress ideas and information. The story features "seashell radios," small earpieces that play constant streams of music and news, similar to modern earbuds and smartphones.

Robot Series

Isaac Asimov's "Robot Series" (1950s-1980s): Asimov's series of science fiction stories and novels explored the future of robotics and artificial intelligence, including the development of advanced humanoid robots. His "Three Laws of Robotics" have influenced real-world discussions on the ethical implications of AI and robotics.

The Machine Stops

E.M. Forster's "The Machine Stops" (1909): This short story envisions a world where people live in isolated underground chambers and communicate solely through videoconferencing, foreshadowing the rise of video call technology and concerns about the impact of technology on social interaction.

Star Trek's Communicator

Star Trek's Communicator (1960s): The handheld communicator devices used by the crew of the Starship Enterprise in the original Star Trek series closely resemble today's mobile phones, with the ability to make calls, send messages, and even access information from a central computer.

The World Set Free

H.G. Wells' "The World Set Free" (1914): In this novel, Wells predicted the development and destructive power of nuclear weapons, more than three decades before the first atomic bomb was detonated. He also foresaw the potential for an international organization to maintain peace, similar to the United Nations.

Stand on Zanzibar

John Brunner's "Stand on Zanzibar" (1968): Brunner's novel is set in an overpopulated world with various social and environmental issues. The book touches on topics such as global warming, widespread use of electric cars, and the rise of social media networks, accurately predicting concerns and technologies of the 21st century.

Philip K. Dick's "Minority Report"

Philip K. Dick's "Minority Report" (1956): In this short story, a specialized police unit called "Precrime" prevents crimes from occurring by using psychic predictions. While we haven't developed psychic crime prediction, the concept of predictive policing using data analysis and algorithms has become a reality in law enforcement.

David Brin's "Earth"

David Brin's "Earth" (1990): This science fiction novel envisions a future where the world is connected through a global information network, similar to the Internet. The book also predicts wearable technology, drone surveillance, and the use of digital assistants like Amazon's Alexa or Apple's Siri.

Star Trek: The Next Generation

"Star Trek: The Next Generation" Holodeck (1987-1994): The Holodeck, a room that generates realistic, immersive virtual environments, was featured in the television series "Star Trek: The Next Generation." While not yet as advanced as the Holodeck, modern virtual reality systems are beginning to create increasingly realistic experiences.

The Cold Equations

Tom Godwin's "The Cold Equations" (1954): This short story, published in the early days of space exploration, imagined the concept of "slingshot" or "gravity assist" maneuvers, which involve using a planet's gravity to accelerate a spacecraft. Gravity assist maneuvers have since become a standard technique in space missions.

Snow Crash

Neal Stephenson's "Snow Crash" (1992): This cyberpunk novel explores the concept of a virtual reality metaverse, where people can interact with each other and digital objects through avatars. Today, platforms like VRChat and Facebook's Horizon Workrooms are taking steps toward creating metaverse-like experiences.

The Jetsons

"The Jetsons" Cartoon (1962-1963): This animated television series featured a futuristic world with flying cars, robot maids, and video calls. While flying cars are not yet commonplace, advancements in autonomous vehicles and drone technology have brought us closer to this vision, and robot assistants and video calls have become a reality.

The Age of the Pussyfoot

Frederik Pohl's "The Age of the Pussyfoot" (1969): Pohl's novel features a handheld device called the "joymaker" that functions as a communication device, personal assistant, and source of entertainment. This device closely resembles modern smartphones and their wide range of capabilities.

A Logic Named Joe

Murray Leinster's "A Logic Named Joe" (1946): This short story imagines a future where "logics," networked computer terminals, provide instant access to information and services, similar to today's personal computers and the Internet. Leinster's vision of interconnected computers allowing users to access information from around the world was remarkably prescient.

As these examples show, science fiction has often been ahead of its time in predicting the future. While not every prediction has come true, many have, and they have helped to shape the world we live in today. Who knows what other amazing ideas science fiction will inspire in the years to come?